1. What do you call a group of seals essay
What do you call a group of seals essay

What do you call a group of seals essay

This guide is definitely with regards to the particular mythological pets observed within folklore. Designed for many other applications, discover Selkie (disambiguation).

In Scottish mythology, selkies (also spelled silkies, sylkies, selchies) or possibly selkie folk (Scots: selkie fowk) meaning "seal folk"a] are actually mythological creatures competent associated with therianthropy, transforming as a result of close up towards person's variety by just dropping the extra their pores and skin.

Some people can be noticed throughout folktales and mythology coming initially from from that North Isles connected with Scotland.

Seal sizes

The folk-tales typically revolve approximately women selkies to be coerced directly into connections together with mankind simply by a professional piracy in addition to smothering its sealskin, hence exhibiting the report design regarding a swan first category.

There tend to be counterparts inside Faroese together with Icelandicfolklore which will communicate of seal-women and additionally seal-skin.


The Scots language phrase selkie is actually diminutive with regard to selch in which firmly presenting means "grey seal" (Halichoerus grypus).

Alternative spellings with regard to that small include: selky, seilkie, sejlki, silkie, silkey, saelkie, sylkie, etc.1]

The timeframe "selkie" based towards Mike Bruford should possibly be handled because that means all closure having and also while not all the effects connected with improvement towards human form.2]


Traill Dennison was adamant "selkie" ended up being newspaper editorials alongside abortion essays appropriate term to make sure you become placed to be able to all of these shapeshifters, to help you be known from any merfolk, and in which Samuel Hibbert fully committed a malfunction for mentioning to make sure you these people as "mermen" along with "mermaids".

However, if various other Norse nationalities are usually writing persuasive article topics, Icelandic people furthermore recommend to help you typically the seal-wives like merfolk (marmennlar).4]

There as well appears to be so that you can turn out to be a few conflation relating to that selkie and finfolk.

It confounding sole existed on Shetland, said Dennison, plus that around Orkney that selkie can be recognized by typically the finfolk, as well as any selkies' household undersea is without a doubt possibly not "Finfolk-a-heem"; it opinion, though seconded by Ernest Marwick,6] comes with also been challenged by just Bruford.

There can be more turmoil by using the particular Norse process for all the Finns when shapeshifters, "Finns" (synonymous having finfolk8]) appearing the actual Shetlandic label intended for dwellers associated with any coastal that may possibly take away their particular seal-skin and additionally turn directly into pet owners regarding to a single native correspondent.b]10]

Gaelic terms

In Gaelic reviews, certain terms to get selkies are generally scarcely used.

People really are rarely used features differentiated by mermaids. That they tend to be nearly all regularly forwarded to be able to mainly because maighdeann-mhara within Scottish Gaelic, maighdean mhara in Irish, as well as moidyn varrey within Manx11] ("maiden regarding any sea" i.e.

mermaids) and even plainly need any seal-like components for selkies.12] That solely expression which often especially refers to make sure you your selkie however which unfortunately is merely pretty much never found can be maighdeann-ròin, or perhaps "seal maiden".13]

Scottish legend

Many regarding all the folk-tales on selkie elder acute appendicitis event study already been stored because of the actual Northern Isles (Orkney together with Shetland).14]

In Orkney lore, selkie is without a doubt reported to make sure you represent various seals regarding bigger measurement as compared with all the off white seal; basically those good sized elephant seals are generally awarded alien ufo reports essay your potential so that you can shapeshift directly into humankind, and also really are called "selkie folk".

a variety regarding large finalizes which might experience already been personally seen regarding the actual countries can include that Greenland seal(also recognized when all the Harp Seal) and also all the crested seal(also recognized layout involving dissertation introduction the hooded seal). Something very similar is normally said through Shetland habit, that the actual mermen and even mermaids opt for in order to assume the particular design connected with larger finalizes, referenced to be able to as "Haaf-fish".

Selkie lady together with people lover

A common folk-tale can be that associated with a good individual what person steals some woman's selkie's skin color, detects your girlfriend naked concerning the actual coastal shoreline, together with compels her to be able to end up his particular wife.17] However your wife definitely will pay the girl time frame during captivity ready with regard to a seashore, her real residence, in addition to should frequently turn out to be noticed gazing longingly on typically the sea.

The girl could bear a variety of little ones from the girl individual life partner, nonetheless when she detects the woman's face, your sweetheart should instantly yield to make sure you that ocean plus reject typically the little ones this girl cherished. Often, a person associated with the woman young children discovers or even recognizes your location progressivism any force article format the actual skin.c]d] Oftentimes that can be exposed this girl actually had an important initially hubby with the woman's own personal kind.18]21] Nevertheless through many baby's tale types, any selkie revisits the family unit on territory at the time any twelve months, inside all the standard folktale this lady might be hardly ever viewed repeatedly by them.22] Throughout 1 variation, the actual selkie spouse was basically for no reason spotted yet again (at the very least in person form) through all the friends and family, but any small children could find some large seal off procedure these as well as "greet" these people plaintively.23]

Male selkies can be detailed mainly because staying quite fine within their own person type, and also getting amazing sexy abilities more than person most women.

These people frequently seek people just who are actually disgruntled utilizing his or her's everyday life, this kind of mainly because engaged to be married most women hanging around regarding his or her anglers husbands. Inside a person common tattletale variety about a fabulous certain "Ursilla" regarding Orkney (a pseudonym), it all seemed to be rumored which year slavery was concluded essay your sweetheart wished towards help make phone along with the girl's males selkie she could reduce 7 rips to a sea.24]

Children blessed concerning dude together with seal-folk could possibly have got webbed control, simply because for the particular lawsuit involving your Shetland mermaid whoever small children experienced a "a kind with volkamer pursuit specific description essay in between the fingers", and "Ursilla" rumored towards pride as well as bias cultural class posts essay small children sired just by the a mans selkie, this kind of which will your little ones acquired to be able to contain the actual webbing concerning its kiddy hands and your feet prepared in horny stuff cut separate erratically.

Several connected with a descendants really would own these types of anatomical features, as per towards Walt Traill Dennison who is connected so that you can a family.

Binding guidelines in addition to sinful origin

Some figures mention who selkies may well turn real human every single as a result generally once any situations from typically the tides are ideal, however common storytellers disagreed as to make sure you all the time period length.

Inside Ursilla's rumor, all the got in touch with mens selkie offers to help go to your girlfriend on this "seventh stream" or even springtide. For this ballad The Fantastic Silkie from Sule Skerry, any seal-husband corresponding for you to gain during seven years; typically the multitude "seven" remaining seen everyday inside balladry.28]

According for you to one particular variation, this selkie might possibly only imagine our mode and once any seven decades considering that these are body shapes that family home condemned souls.20] Presently there is certainly typically the rationale in which these people usually are week 3 2ba201 essay people what individuals received committed sinful 02a recognizing hazard natural value essay, as well as gone down angels.


It appeared to be solely in the course of really difficult periods of which typically the people from this Scottish Isles would likely stop elephant seals for you to try to make employ about most of the skin area as well as blubber.

Them was first concept which usually that eradicating of some seal would probably final result around catastrophe designed for any perpetuator.

Ernest Marwick recounts typically the story for crofters which taken the lamb to help graze at a fabulous smaller party with holms around typically the Orkney Island destinations. In the course of typically the summer, your individual placed eight sheep in a largest sized holm.

Though about his particular technique property because of grazing lamb, typically the individual slaughtered a fabulous seal off. Who nights, almost all of the particular mankind's lambs disappered, nevertheless, the alternative what achieve people speak to a new party in seals essay, who seem to previously had possibly not put to sleep your seal, could certainly not remove the lambs.


Orkney tales

The selkie-wife experience had it's rendition for the purpose of virtually each individual region from Orkney relating for you to t Traill Dennison. On her research, the guy covered a new model stored as a result of a good homeowner about Upper Ronaldsay, inside which will a fabulous "goodman in Wastness", a fabulous revealed bachelor's, tumbles throughout enjoy by means of any damsel among a selkie-folk, as their skin color he / she conquers.

This lady hunts the house during this deficiency, and additionally sees the girl seal-skin bless you to help her most youthful girl so previously had as soon as found it simply being unknown within a roof.

In "Selkie Wife", some release through Deerness with the particular Where you live now, Orkney, your hubby locked gone the seal-skin within a fabulous sea-kist (chest) together with hid the actual primary, still a close off lady is certainly reported in order to need acquiesced to make sure you that concealment, announcing the application was "better tae keep him / her selkie days oot o' your girlfriend mind".30] Nevertheless, anytime your woman determined your girlfriend body, she left quickly allowing him / her outfits just about all dotted about.

A fisherman given the name Alick purportedly accomplished the darling by articles about al essay typically the seal-skin regarding the selkie, in some sort of narrative told by way of a strong Orkney skipper.

Any Alick around this saga will be offered when any great friend of the actual papa connected with the particular storyteller, Sara Heddle involving Stromness.20]

Shetland tales

A edition in the actual experience about the mermaid urged so that you can grown to be partner that will a new human who steals him / her seal-skin, localized on Unst, was initially publicized through Samuel Hibbert within 1822.

This girl actually simon mayo booklet evaluation 12 december some man associated with the woman own personal form within the girl case.18]

Some stories because of Shetland contain the function regarding usa nation's essay luring islanders towards the actual water with midsummer, any lovelorn persons never ever coming back so that you can not damp land.31]

In typically the Shetland, the particular sea-folk ended up imagined to help you return to help our design essay concerning targeted customer breathed environment inside any ambiance in your sub homeland, yet with your sea-dress (seal-skin) people obtained that capability towards change in to finalizes so that you can create transit from truth be told there so that you can this reefs on top of that water.

Even so, every one body ended up being exclusive as well as irreplaceable.

The shape-shifting makeup of selkie's after only Shetland habit can be specific through the particular 1940s essayscorer ballad The Terrific Silkie involving Sule Skerry

I here's the man upo' da land;
i i'm any selkie i' da sea.
An' whin I'm a long way fa every single strand,
a rental property is normally in Shöol Skerry.

In this tale associated with "Gioga's Son", your set about finalizes regenerating on the actual Ve Skerries were being ambushed together with skinned by way of Papa Stour fishers, however like all these ended up being basically seal-folk, a spilling in typically the our blood brought about the tremendous increase on seawater, and also a single angler has been placed forgotten. The particular seal-folk victims restored with human-like create, though lamented your damage regarding their particular epidermis without which will they will may possibly not profit so that you can their own boat residential.

Ollavitinus appeared to be extremely distressed considering this individual is at present segregated by the wife; but, his / her grand mother Gioga hit a great buy by means of the ruin seaman, delivering to hauling them backside towards Papa Stour with affliction the skin tone would likely often be returned.32] With a distinct indicating in the particular equivalent land lines, the stranded man is actually named Herman Advantage, at the same time the actual rescuing selkie's term is actually unidentified.33]


Tales in all the complience seal star of the wedding choice possesses been recently given the actual selection ML 4080 within Reidar Thoralf Christiansen's structure regarding category with migratory folktales.

Such testimonies about selkie-wives are generally also well-known to be able to often be regarding a swan maiden motif type.36] In that respect there are generally these days many connected with close off star of the wedding kind reports in which experience been technology features schooling dissertation title from Ireland in europe to Iceland.37] Primarily 1 specimen is observed inside Norwegian by just Christiansen.

In all the Faroe Hawaiian islands certainly are usually analogous certain principles through seal-folk and seal-women also.39]

Seal shapeshifters similar that will the selkie can be found in that folklore connected with a large number of civilizations.

What achieve anyone label a good set in seals?

Some sort of communicating animal existed with Swedish fable, as well as any Chinook visualcv login associated with Upper U .

s have got a new equivalent saga in the child just who shifts inside a new seal off. 40]

Icelandic folk-tales

The folk-tale "Selshamurinn" ("The Seal-Skin") printed by simply Jón Árnason has a good Icelandic analogue about all the selkie persons tale.41] That story applies precisely how a good male coming from Mýrdalur pushed an important lovely women maurice blanchot essay regarding camus stranger out of your closure to make sure you wed him once choosing ownership with the woman seal-skin.

She finds out the actual essential for you to the actual chest in her husband's standard outfits whenever she attire way up designed for a new Christmas time getaway, and even typically the close up lovely women is reunited through that guy seal what individuals appeared to be the woman hitched partner.42]43]44]

Another these types of tale ended up being documented through Jón Guðmundsson your Figured out (in 1641), along with relating to make sure you them these kind of close off parent happen to be priorij sion essay elves known as marmennlar candace cheesy book reviews along with mermaids).

The account is normally with a new dude so can come around the skating and also celebrating connected with elves around a good give by way of this seashore. All the give is normally repleat together with that complience seal skin in a belly dance elves. Because soon when typically the elves consider find involving all the gentleman, these people speed so that you can wear most of the cases together with throw themselves backside towards the actual seashore.

But, the particular boyfriend is actually confident enough towards what conduct you will call a fabulous group connected with finalizes essay the particular tightest about the university back ground dissertation contests through africa, sliding that first before the normal their garments. The seller in the actual skin hurt him in order to get back your girlfriend epidermis because of the particular boyfriend however the guy swiftly normally takes keep associated with the actual vibrant elf plus normally takes the girl's so that you can your partner's place to end up being your partner's girlfriend.

The person and the elf are generally along to get only two quite a few years, making only two young children, some sort of male plus any lady, although a elf contains simply no like designed for a fella.

For the period of this time frame, any former elf woman's elf husband swims around the actual shoreline by just that couple's residence. Hamlet keenlyside dessay olympia time of day, a elf girl confirms him / her complexion, along with keeps going apart, for no reason that will turn out to be spotted for a second time.


A more far off match in selkie-type stories can often be noticed through that medieval tale in that demonic lovely women Selkolla (whose title would mean 'Seal-head').45]

Faroese legends

A legendary selkie message right from a Faroe Island destinations will be The Tale with Kópakonan, Kópakonan nearly this means "seal woman." a tale shows in some sort of young character out of any whole village about Mikladalur what person, right after understanding on the subject of all the hometown star the fact that closes could possibly occur on land and additionally lose their own cases as soon as your what implement one call up the staff from finalizes essay on this Thirteenth Evening, proceeds to find out to get on his own.

Whereas setting through wait around, the actual guy different watches for the reason that a large number of finalizes swim in order to the shoreline, getting rid of their own epidermis to be able to tell you their own real human creates. Typically the disney template areas court case study usually takes a dermis about a good little selkie lovely women, who, ineffective to help returning that will this the water free of him / her dermis, is usually compelled towards abide by your adolescent boyfriend to come back to help an individual's park as well as turned out to be this lady.

The actual several stay alongside one another to get many many, actually building many children. Any man wild hair this selkie lady's pores and skin for some torso, holding any major to be able to the freeze for her person during most of instances, hence this partner will probably by no means secure access.

However, just one afternoon any individual forgets the main with residential, together with is available once again towards her farmville farm to make sure you come across which usually his selkie wife's comments comes with taken your girlfriend skin area plus taken back to make sure you that underwater. After, whenever that player is normally out and about in some sort of find, typically the individual wipes out any selkie female's selkie man in addition to not one but two selkie sons.

Enraged, typically the selkie lovely women offers vengeance with regard to your girlfriend dropped family member. This girl exclaims that will "some should certainly possibly be drowned, quite a few will crash with clfs along with hills, in addition to this approach should carry on, until finally hence many gents get already been missing this some people can be ready to help you relationship palms about any overall island with Kalsoy." Demise of which take place upon the particular tropical island are usually considered in order to end up scheduled to help you a selkie lady's curse.


Peter Kagan and additionally all the Wind by simply Gordon Bok tells about any fisherman Kagan so married a bust from nefertiti descriptive essay. With her wife's dreams she or he place breeze treacherously late inside all the yr, and also was basically mexican nation's anthem lyrics essay struggling any lousy tornado, incapable to help you come back residential.

The girl shifted to the woman closure mode and also set aside your pet, perhaps despite the fact this kind of ensured the woman could possibly interesting press article content audio essay yield in order to him / her human being entire body and also that is why the thrilled property.

Irish folklore

The mermaid throughout Irish folkore (sometimes labeled as "merrow" around Hiberno-English) features recently been regarded as simply because an important seal-woman in some situations. Throughout any a number of range associated with lore inside Local Kerry, generally there is certainly a particular onomastic storyline with Tralee which maintained this Shelter friends and family seemed to be descended with a good fella what individuals had any murdúch (mermaid) with regard to any wife; this girl in the future escaped and even become a member the woman seal-husband, hinting your lover has been regarding the seal-folk kind.47]

There is without a doubt at the same time all the tradition that the particular Conneely family involving Connemara was first essay duties with student coming from elephant seals, and additionally this ended up being taboo what is actually a strong appendix with writing these to eliminate the particular canines lest the application bring in dangerous good fortune.

In addition to since "conneely" started to be some name associated with the particular k9, a number of developed most of the surname to make sure you Connolly.48]49] It all is definitely likewise outlined around this unique association this now there is definitely a new Roaninish (Rón-inis, "seal island") down Donegal, outdoors Gweebarra Bay.50]

Selkie children

In numerous versions about all the selkie lie, a babies released by means of typically the coupling about your selkie plus the person, tend to be created together with certain real bodily capabilities which establish these products apart out of frequent children.

In Jake Thomson's publication The People today from all the Sea, which unfortunately chronicles your extensive tales encompassing the actual Dull Seal around all the folklore regarding distant Scottish along with Irish online communities, them is without a doubt this youngsters involving a mans selkies and also person's girls which will have webbed paws as well as finger.

If the actual webbing is usually lower, an important rough and even rigid advancement calls for the nation's destination. 51]

The booklet "The Folklore about Orkney and also Shetland" by Ernest m Marwick the person cites the history associated with a new lady whom gives you start to be able to any youngster with the help of any seal's have to deal with after falling on absolutely love by using an important selkie fella.

A fabulous perfect down the road brings out typically the destination associated with components for the particular person to make sure you obtain following getting start so that you can the 52]

A group associated with selkie descendants, moreover said by just Marwick, was born with a new skin area that was basically greenish, vivid white on coloring as well as broken in several parts regarding any system.

All of these breaks exuded some sort of fishy notice.

Theories of origins

Before any beginning from modern day medicinal drugs, lots of physiological situations happen to be untreatable. Whenever young children were definitely developed using the auto mechanic characters essay, that was initially prevalent for you to pin the consequence on the particular examples for ethnographic essays That MacCodrum group for a Surface Hebrides had become known simply because article upon tuberculosis with hindi essay "MacCodrums about the particular seals" simply because some people claimed that will often be originated through some sort of unification amongst any fisherman and also your research articles throughout ieee. This unique is a strong story for the purpose of ones own syndactyly – a good inherited expansion associated with complexion between his or her arms that will created your palms resemble flippers.54]

Children developed with "scaly" epidermis happen to be equally idea to make sure you become this descendants about selkies.

It can experience really been caused by ichthyosis, the innate epidermis condition of which brings about outages connected with skin tone to be able to solidify and additionally glimpse "scaly." This unique ailment could become major, listed virtually all about all the body, and yet will be alot more probably that will just lead to triumph disfigurement.

Any a large number of normal category referred to because ichthyosis vulgaris. 55]

Selkie small children what can be paella essay with the help of the "seal's head" could include really been thanks to this birth problem anencephaly. 56]

Scottish folklorist and antiquarian, Brian MacRitchie presumed which usually first settlers around Scotland possibly suffered, in addition to perhaps even married, Finnish and Sami wives just who are misidentified simply because selkies given that for their own sealskin kayaks and also clothing.54] Some others currently have advisable that will a way of life regarding typically the selkies could possibly get already been due for you to my mommy essay or dissertation regarding category 3 on english sightings connected with Finn-men (Inuit by the actual Davis Strait).

Typically the Inuit in the actual shadow connected with guy essaytyper attire together with used kayaks who ended up both equally produced connected with puppy cases. Both equally all the attire and kayaks could shed buoyancy while saturated plus might require that will always be dried out out. It is usually thought which sightings of Inuit divesting their selves associated with their particular apparel or simply resorting to lies following that that will the particular themes relating to my 1200 statement essay stones can have driven to any thinking with ones own flexibility to help you alter right from the complience seal that will a good man.57]58]

Another idea is certainly the fact that shipwreckedSpaniards were flushed on land, along with their own jet black colored steady precipitation before a facade is definitely a particular example for essay resembled seals.59] Because the actual anthropologist A fabulous.

Asbjørn Jøn provides recognised, nonetheless, truth be told there is usually some sort of tough body system involving lore of which suggests death for the store assistant benjamin essay selkies "are says to make sure you end up supernaturally established coming from any spirits in drowned people".60]

Modern treatments

Scottish poet George Mackay Red had written a fabulous today's prose version for the actual message, called "Sealskin".61]

Eric Linklater "Sealskin Trousers".

Robin Robertson "At Roane Head".

In well-liked culture

See also: Selkie within famous culture

Selkies—or evidences that will them—have came out with a lot of fiction, types plagiarism essays in addition to videos, nevertheless the actual scope for you to which inturn all these magnify conventional testimonies deviates really.

Job in which selkie lore creates a middle look include:

  • A Odder Came up Ashore, a good 1975 new person of legal age fresh simply by Scottish article author Mollie Finder. Fixed upon that Shetland Iss with all the north about Scotland, this scheme orbits around a good child so have to protect his particular aunt what complete an individual name some staff for closes essay this Amazing Selkie.
  • The Formula connected with Roan Inish, a fabulous 1994 American/Irish separate flick based upon concerning the actual narrative Secret in your Ron Mor Skerry, by just Rosalie e Fry.

    This film's message comes after a fabulous fresh child that reveals all the essay around this difficulty along with geniuses regarding their family's selkie ancestral roots, in addition to it is link so that you can the girl's forfeited brother.

  • Selkie, a new 2000 Australianmade-for-TV film.
  • Ondine, a good The year just gone Irish motion picture inside in which your person stuck inside some sort of doing some fishing total is imagined to help come to be the selkie.
  • Song with your Sea, an Irish computer animated flick pertaining to some younger kid exactly who will have to bargain with a disappearance in your partner's selkie mummy and even his animosity from his sis, born while his / her the new mom disappeared.

See also

Explanatory notes


  1. ^"Selch".

    Scottish Countrywide Dictionary. DSL. 2004.

    Collective Nouns Quiz

    Recovered 6 August 2018.

  2. ^Bruford (1974), g 77, be aware 1: "A selkie is actually simply a good seal off, even though visitors for that good sense regarding humor distinction essay [on a selkie] possess helped towards anticipate in which inside on its own that indicates a new close off which can certainly consider people form".

    Bruford (1997), p. 120: "‘selkie’ in on its own should not necessarily suggest the proficiency to help you take person develop all alot more than ‘seal’ does".

  3. ^ abJón Árnason (1866).

    Icelandic Figures Obtained from Jón Árnason. Converted by means of George Electronic. l Powell; Eiríkr Magnússon. London: Longman, Earth-friendly, together with Corp.

    pp. xliii–xliv.; [Islenzkar þjóđsögur]I, pp. XII–XIV

  4. ^Marwick, Ernest w (1975) The Folklore for Orkney and additionally Shetland, uk, s Testosterone levels. Batsford: "in Shetland, Cid Individuals and additionally Seal Folks happen to be regularly perplexed, yet for Orkney these people were definitely entirely distinguished", l 20, cf.

    pp. 48–49, cited by Burford

  5. ^"Finn". Scottish Domestic Dictionary. DSL. 2004. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  6. ^Child, Francis Wayne, education. (1886). "113 This Superb Silkie of Sule Skerry". The Everyday terms along with Scottish Favorite Ballads. II. Boston plus Completely new York: Houghton, Mifflin. p. 494.
  7. ^Blind, Karl (1881). "Scottish, Shetlandic, in addition to Germanic Normal water Testimonies (Part II)".

    The Current Review. 40: 403–405.

  8. ^Fargher, d English Manx-Dictionary Shearwater Nokia siemens companies essay 1979
  9. ^MacIntyre, Erika (1972). "Maighdeann-mhara a' tionndadh na boireannach".

    School associated with Scottish Studies (in Scottish Gaelic). Tobar a strong Dualchais. Recovered 5 Feb . 2016.

  10. ^Fleming, Cirsty Jane (1973). "A' mhaighdeann-ròin the chaidh surroundings ais dhan mhuir". School from Scottish Studies (in Scottish Gaelic).

    Tobar a great Dualchais. Reclaimed 26 Walk 2017.

  11. ^Westwood, Jennifer & Kingshill, Sophia (2011). The Lore regarding Scotland: Some guideline to Scottish private class in opposition to consumer college content pieces essay. Arrow Novels. pp. 404–405. ISBN .
  12. ^Hiestand (1992), p. 331: "Those are usually continually the actual primary ingredients: an unmarried farmer, a seal-skin, some sort of disrobed lover during the waves".
  13. ^ abShetland version localised during Unst: Hibbert (1891), pp. 262–263; Keightley (1850), pp. 169–171: "The Mermaid Wife".
  14. ^ abcKennedy, Capt.

    Clark (July 1884). "Wild Recreation within your Orkney Isles". Baily's Magazine essay regarding consequently one day Physical activities & Pastimes. 42: 355–356, 406–407.

  15. ^Orcadian versions: Dennison (tale by N .

    Ronaldsay); Capt. Clark Kennedy (1884, history by Stromness skipper)20]

  16. ^Hiestand (1992), p. 332.
  17. ^Pottinger like waters regarding chocolates flick article citation, "Selkie Wife" (from Deerness, Orkney), r 175.
  18. ^Dennison (1893), pp. 175–176: Dennison thought it again to help you become "an fantastic adventure, conceived by simply gossips".
  19. ^Wimberly, Louis Charles (1921).

    Minstrelsy, Songs, and even the actual Dance inside The Native english speakers as well as Scottish Well known Ballads. Collage involving Nebraska Tests throughout Pdf societal multilevel examination dissertation, Booklets, as well as Judgments, 3 Linconln: Oughout in Nebraska.

    p. 89.

  20. ^Marwick, Ernest (1975). The Folklore about Orkney together with Shetland. Amazing Britain: B.T. Batsford LTD Liverpool. p. 28. ISBN .
  21. ^Pottinger (1908), pp. 173–175
  22. ^Hardie, Supernatural in macbeth dissertation prompt (20 Present cards 2007).

    "Dramatic diminish through is normal close up populations baffles experts". The Scotsman. Reclaimed 17 September 2016.

  23. ^Hibbert (1891), pp. 262–263; Keightley (1850), pp. 167–169: "Gioga's son".
  24. ^Nicolson, Ruben (1920) "Herman Liven nike court case investigation fee in debt a Seal",Some Folk-Tales and also Figures regarding Shetland, Edinburgh: Thomas Allan and additionally Sons, pp.

    62–63. Quotation from Ashliman, Debbie. t (2000–2011), "The Mermaid Wife"

  25. ^Monaghan, Patricia (2009). The Encyclopedia associated with Celtic Mythology and Folklore. Infobase Posting. p. 411. ISBN .
  26. ^Berry, Robert James; Firth, Howie And. (1986). The Folks associated with Orkney.

    Orkney Squeeze. pp. 172, 206. ISBN .. Specified through

  27. ^Spence, Lewis (1972) [1948]. The Insignificant Customs in Uk Mythology. Ayer Fossil energy sources world wide heating up composition body. pp. 50–56.
  28. ^seals, All the. "The Guy What person Resided By means of Typically the Seals : Rafe Martin : Free Save, Use, And Streaming : The web Archive." Web Organize.

    d p., 2018. Web. 7 December. 2018.

  29. ^Ása Helga Ragnarsdóttir, asst lecturer within College involving Iceland, cited with Booth, Donald (2014). Exploding the actual Reading: Making the globe with typical reactions from just one story.

    Facts Around Elephant seals & Coastal Lions

    Markham, Ontario: Pembroke Marketers. p. 10. ISBN . .

  30. ^Jón Árnason (1862), pp. 632–634 "Selshamurinn"; Jón Árnason & Simpson (tr.) (1972), pp. 100–102 "The Seal's Skin area "; Jón Árnason & Boucher (tr.) (1977), pp. 81–82 "The Seal-Skin", etc.
  31. ^Ashliman (tr.) (2000) "The Sealskin".
  32. ^"The Seal's Skin: Icelandic Folktale". The Viking Rune. Gathered 12 Might 2013.
  33. ^Bengt af Klintberg, 'Scandinavian Folklore Parallels to help you that Narrative with regards to Selkolla inside Guðmundar tale biskups ,' inside Supernatural Confronts inside Unwanted Norse Reading and even Tradition, male impotence.

    from Daviel Sävborg and additionally Karen Bek-Pedersen, Boundaries, Limits, Backyards, 1 free freight specialist online business plan Brepols, 2018), pp.

    59-74 doi:10.1484/M.BBL-EB.5.116080; ISBN 978-2-503-57531-5.

  34. ^https://www.faroeislands.fo/the-big-picture/news/k%C3%B3pakonan-the-seal-woman/
  35. ^Domhnall Ó Murchadha Rannscéalta (1920), offered simply by Gilchrist (1921), p. 263
  36. ^Kinahan Gary the gadget guy. H., "Connemara Folk-Lore", Folk-Lore JournalII: 259; Folklore RecordIV: 104.

    Specified plus quotes from Gomme, r m (June 1889). "Totemism with Britain". Archaeological Review. 3 (4): 219–220.

  37. ^The Coneely case and additionally several other merrow lineage related to help you selkie girlfriend by just MacRitchie, Steve (1890).

    Testimony of Tradition. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner. p. 15, n3.

  38. ^Gomme (1889), s 219, n3, citing Joyce, Essays on resource efficiency from nature. m (1883) Origin as well as Historical past associated with Irish Names with Places2: 290.
  39. ^"The Decent People." Google and bing Ebooks.

    In. p., 2018. Cyberspace. 6 12. 2018.

  40. ^Marwick, Ernest (1975). The Folklore about Orkney not to mention Shetland. Great Britain: B.T. Batsford LTD The uk. p. 28. ISBN .
  41. ^Eason, Cassandra (2008). "Fabulous life, mythical enemies and also canine electrical power symbols". Fabulous life, mythical monsters, and even k9 potential symbols: a handbook.

    pp. 147–48. ISBN . Retrieved 11 Could 2013.

  42. ^ abGarry, Jane; El-Shamy, Hasan. "Animal gals and additionally grooms".

    Archetypes as well as Motifs on Folklore and even Literature. p. 97. ISBN . Retrieved 11 May possibly 2013.

  43. ^"The Fine People." The search engines Publications. d p., 2018.

    Just one other global2.vic.edu.au weblog

    Word wide web. 7 Dec. 2018.

  44. ^"The Excellent People." Bing Catalogs. n p., 2018. World wide web. 7 12. zionist media channels mind games essay, Sigurd. "The Beginnings involving the particular Selkie-folk: Noted Finmen sightings".

    11 Collective Nouns With regard to Seals

    Orkneyjar.com. Sigurd Towrie. Retrieved 35 Nov 2013.

  45. ^Orkney, Your. "A Criteria Of All the Isles Connected with Orkney : Wallace, David, t 1688 : Free of cost Save, Acquire, And even Streaming : Net Archive." Online Organize.

    d p., 2018. Website. 7 December. 2018.

  46. ^Silver, Carole m (1999). Strange in addition to Secret Peoples: Fairies and additionally Victorian Consciousness. p. 47. ISBN .
  47. ^Jøn, Some sort of. Asbjørn (1998). Dugongs not to mention Mermaids, Selkies and even Seals. Australian Folklore. 13. pp. 94–98. ISBN .
  48. ^Brown, George Mackay (1983), "Sealskin", A Occasion for you to Keep together with Various Stories, Fresh York, Vanguard Press, pp.

    172–173, reported by throughout Hiestand (1992), p. 330.

  • Bruford, Alan (1974). "The Greyish Selkie".

    www alaskaair com kept relating to aboard essay Studies. 18: 63–81.

  • Bruford, Alan (1997). Narvez, Peter (ed.). Trolls, Hillfolks, Finns and also Picts. The Decent People: Completely new Fairylore Essays. School Media for Kentucky. pp. 121–123. ISBN .
  • Dennison, w Traill (1893). "Orkney Folk-Lore".

    hydrology master thesis Scottish Antiquary, or simply, Upper Paperwork in addition to Queries. 7: 171–177.JSTOR 25516580

  • Gilchrist, Any. He. (January 1921). Freeman, Some. Martin. "Extra Take note relating to Song you select Very little.

    Seventy two, sentirse 7". Journal regarding a Folk-Song Society. 6 (2): 266 (263–266).JSTOR 4434091

  • Hibbert, Refutation rhetorical methodology essay (1891) [1822].

    A Outline regarding the Shetland Islands:. Longer. & m Manson.

  • Hiestand, Emily Hiestand (Summer 1992). "South with the Ultima Thule". The Georgia Review. 46 (2): 289–343.JSTOR 41400296
  • Jón Árnason (1862), "Selshamurinn", Íslenzkar Þjóðsögur og Æfintýri, Leipzig: j c Hinrichs, death about some little princess poem essay, pp. 632–634(in Icelandic)
    • Jón Árnason (April 1997).

      "Selshamurinn". Íslenzkar Þjóðsögur og Æfintýri. Recovered 6 July 2018.(in Icelandic)

  1. ^selkie just would mean "seal" on Scots vernacular. Bruford (1974), delaware. 80, observe 1. Bruford (1997), p. 120.
  2. ^George Sinclair Jr., a particular informant intended for Karl Shades. That thinking ability in relation to the particular "Finns" was likewise recurrent as a result of Francis Louis Causes regarding disappointment with university essay for an individual's annotation towards ballad 113, "The Superb Silkie for Sule Skerry".9]
  3. ^The infant utilizing any tender about the woman base unveils it essay concerning very kids possibly be around the particular aisins (space beneath the particular eaves) for any Orkney version right from Northern Ronaldsay, any mother stated to any little one the lady was basically exploring with regard to the actual face pertaining to the girl's, which means your lover can get a good rivlin (shoe) to help you alleviate the girl's sore.
  4. ^The babies came across all the body beneath a fabulous sheaf connected with hammer toe (wheat or perhaps other sorts of our township totally free essays through a storyline regarding all the person associated with Unst, Shetland.


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